What is our metabolism?
But before distinguishing between a fast or a slow metabolism, what is metabolism? This is the word that is on the lips of all of us and those whom we accuse of not going down and not going down … “this is what I do not go down because I have a slow metabolism” or “I am so thin, this is my metabolism “. First, that’s nothing, let’s move on to the definition.
I define it as a kind of “internal machine” that works all the time, both in activity and at rest. Which “Machine” develops all the physico-chemical processes that occur in our cells. In other words, it is responsible for converting nutrients from food into energy for the body to carry out all of its vital functions, such as breathing, digestion, circulation, maintaining body temperature and eliminating waste.
How does metabolism work?
It consists of two famous stages in the world of sports: anabolism and catabolism, and both depend on each other and feed each other:
- Anabolism: the phase in the production of body tissues and energy reserves.
- Catabolism: the phase of breakdown of tissues and energy reserves that will be used as fuel.
Various hormones produced by the endocrine system are responsible for regulating the rate of these two processes.
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Okay, what type of metabolism do I have? fast or slow metabolism? In addition to knowing that when you climb quickly, you find it difficult to climb, and when you slow down, you find it difficult to lose weight, there are other functions that can help you know what type of “mechanism” you have:
FAST METABOLISM. “No expert is required to quickly identify someone with a fast metabolism. Usually they are thin or very very thin people, nervous, very active, who eat everything and never get fat (come on, I envy everyone who finds it difficult to go down!)
In addition, they also have the following characteristics:
- Eat more calories
- Increased heart rate
- Increased body temperature
SLOW METABOLISM. … The first thing that comes to mind is an overweight person who follows all kinds of diets and does not lose a single gram.
But they also have these symptoms among others:
- Hair loss, brittle nails
- Very dry skin
- Fatigue, low mood
- Low body temperature, constant feeling of cold
- Frequent headaches
What would be optimal?
To all this, I add a third type of metabolism: MEDIUM or PERFECT METABOLISM, which we should all try to achieve within our capacity. There are people who by their nature already have this type of metabolism: they maintain their weight, they have good energy and temperature levels, they do not have any of the above symptoms.
Unfortunately, due to the invasion of our society of ultra-processed food and lack of physical activity, fewer and fewer people have this ideal of metabolism. Worst of all, it’s not just a matter of weight, but the metabolism of patients is responsible for type 1 and 2 diabetes, thyroid disease, fatty liver, hypertension … among many others.
But we can change! It all depends on you. Minimize junk food, MOVE, control stress, and this mechanism called METABOLISM will work much better. I assure you.